off_util  utilities for OFF files
Usage: off_util [options] input_files
Read one or more files in OFF format, combine them into a single file and
process it. Most operations manipulate elements, such as adding, deleting,
and combining elements, triangulating and orientimg faces, making an edge
skeleton, and rounding the precision of coordinates. Other miscellaneous
operations include projection onto a sphere, creating a net, truncating
vertices, and converting edges to quadrilaterals. Operations are performeded
in the order they are given on the command line. input_files is the list of
files to process, which may include 'null' as an empty geometry, or if not
given the program reads from standard input.
Options
h,help this help message (run 'off_util H help' for general help)
version version information
M <args> Sort and merge elements whose coordinates are the same to
the number of decimal places given by option l. args is 1 or 2
comma separated parts. The first part is the elements to merge,
which can include: v  vertices, e  edges, f  faces,
a  all (vef), b  bond (merge 've' and delete any face
coincident with another), s  sort without merging.
The second part (default 3) is the merge blend color:
first=1, last=2, rgb=3, ryb=4
l <lim> minimum distance for unique vertex locations as negative
exponent (default: 12 giving 1e12)
O <opt> orient the faces first (if possible) then adjust for signed
volume, value may be: positive, negative, reverse, or flip
(which reverses the orientation of the model as it was input)
T <rat> truncate vertices by cutting edges at a ratio from each vertex,
can also be 'rat,num' to truncate only vertices of order num
s skeleton, write the face edges and remove the faces
t <disp> triangulate, include face parts according to winding number
from: odd, nonzero, positive, negative, triangulate (synonym
for nonzero)
g geometry only, remove all colours, remove all twovertex faces
(edges) that are also a face edge
x <elms> remove OFF face elements. The element string is processed in
order and can include v, e, f to remove OFF faces with one
vertex (vertices), twovertices (edges) and three or more
vertices (faces), V to remove vertices that are not part
of any face or edge, E to remove twovertex faces (edges)
that are not part of any face, D to remove twovertex faces (edges)
that are also a face edge (decorators), F to remove faces that
do not share a vertex with another face
e Fill in missing explicit edges
D <list> delete a list of elements, list starts with element letter,
followed by an index number list, given as index ranges separated
by commas. range can be one number or two numbers separated by a
hyphen (default range numbers: 0 and largest index). Element
letters may also be F or E to delete compound parts by part number.
Index number list may be preceded by f, e, v, E or F to find
elements based on connectivity to another element type or part.
Compound parts may also be found by element number. Only elements
specifically specified are deleted. list can have a suffix '%' to
invert results. e or E only act on explicit edges. If some explicit
edges are missing, use e to fill them in
special connectivity selectors: o  vertices by vertex order
s  faces by number of sides, or to select by a color...
x  vertex color, y  edge color, z  face color
K <list> keep a list of elements using the same parameters as D. Only
elements specifically specified are kept along with their vertex
and edge decorators if present. Implicit edges which are kept are
converted to explicit edges
A <elem> add element, elem is element letter (v, e, f), followed by
element data, optionally followed by ':' and a colour. Data is
v: three comma separated coordinates, 0 for origin
e: a comma separated list of index numbers, joined as a ring
f: a comma separated list of index numbers
negative index numbers are relative to the end of the vertex
list, last vertex is 1 (useful to refer to added vertices.)
c <col> close polyhedron, each hole converted to a face with colour col,
holes having a vertex with more than two open edges are not filled
S project onto unit sphere centred at origin
u <args> unfold a polyhedron into a net, takes up to three comma separated
values for base face index, dihedral fraction (normally 1.0 to
1.0, default: 0.0 flat), and final option letters: 'f' centre
on centroid of face centres, 'z' align base face normal to z_axis.
d <dgts> number of significant digits (default 16) or if negative
then the number of digits after the decimal point
o <file> write output to file (default: write to standard output)
combine two files/models into a single file
off_util cube oct > cube_and_oct.off
Combine two files/models into a single file, and merge all elements. The
first off_util command uses a default average for colouring blended elements,
and the second command simply uses the colour from the first of blended
elements.
off_color f red cube > red_cube.off
off_color f yellow cube > yellow_cube.off
off_util M a red_cube.off yellow_cube.off  antiview
off_util M a,first red_cube.off yellow_cube.off  antiview
Combine two files/models into a single file, and merge coincident vertices
only
off_util M v std_cube std_cube  antiview n vf
Add elements to a model
off_util A v0,0,1:blue A f8,0,2:yellow A e8,4,6:green cube  antiview
Add elements to an empty geometry, to create a model from scratch
off_util A v0,0,1:blue null  poly_kscope s O  conv_hull  antiview
Delete elements from a model. The following commands: delete vertex 0,
delete face 1, delete faces 1 and 5, delete faces 1 to 3, delete faces
2 and less and 4 and more (leaving face 3), delete all faces ecept for
faces 0 and 1.
off_util D v0 cube  antiview
off_util D f1 cube  antiview
off_util D f1,5 cube  antiview
off_util D f13 cube  antiview
off_util D f2,4 cube  antiview
off_util D f0,1% cube  antiview
Delete edge or face parts of a model. The following commands:
delete edge part 0, delete face part 0
off_util D E0 uc4  antiview
off_util D F0 uc4  antiview
Delete elements from a model which are connected to other elements. The
following commands: delete faces connected to vertex 0, face parts
to connected to vertex 1, vertices connected to face 3, vertices
connected to face part 0
off_util D fv0 cube  antiview
off_util D Fv1 uc4  antiview
off_util D vf3 uc4  antiview
off_util D vF0 uc4  antiview
Use e to convert implicit edges to explicit edges before a delete
to preserve the edges that have all their supporting faces deleted
off_util e D fv0 cube  antiview
pol_recip a cube  off_util e D F0  antiview
Keep elements from a model. K is not exactly an opposite to
D, as when it keeps elements it also keeps "decorators",
considered to be any coloured vertices or edges which lie on kept
elements. If it should keep implicit edges, these will be made explicit.
The following commands: keep face 0, keep the edges attached
to vertex 1, keep the faces attached to vertex 1, keep the edge part
attached to vertex 1, keep the face part attached to vertex 1, keep
the edges connected to face 1 of a cube (implicit edges converted to
explicit edges)
off_util K f0 uc4  antiview
off_util K ev1 uc4  antiview
off_util K fv1 uc4  antiview
off_util K Ev1 uc4  antiview
off_util K Fv1 uc4  antiview
Keep elements from a model, inverting selection. When using % with K,
the elements that would have been kept are deleted instead. Decorators
are kept, except where they are specificed by the option parameter. The
following commands: invert keep of edge part 0 (the only thing deleted
is the edges of edge part 0, the vertex decorators are retained as they
are decorators for remaining faces), invert keep of face part 0 (face
part 0 is deleted along with its decorators.)
off_util K E0% uc4  antiview
off_util K F0% uc4  antiview
Orient the faces a model. The signed volume of the oriented model will be
positive.
off_util O p cube  off_report
Triangulate a model, any new internal edges and vertices will be coloured
invisible
off_util t tri tr_cube  antiview n f
off_util t tri g tr_cube  antiview n f
Reduce a model to an uncoloured mesh. Remove any edges or vertices not
on faces. Applying this to the previous triangulated model
off_util t tri g tr_cube  antiview n f
Remove particular elements, e.g. remove edges from the previous skeleton model
off_util s ico x e  antiview
Make an edge skeleton by replacing faces with their surrounding edges
off_util s ico  antiview
Close a polyhedron. The first command deletes a cube vertex and closes the
opening. The second deletes two noncoplanar adjacent faces and closes the
opening with a nonplanar face. The third command shows that if a vertex
lies on more than one opening those openings cannot be closed.
off_util D v0 c red cube  antiview
off_util D f0,1 c none cube  antiview t no_tri
off_util D f0,2 c none oct  antiview t no_tri
Truncate all vertices, or all 4way vertices, to 1/3 along the edges
off_util T 1/3 rd  antiview
off_util T 1/3,4 rd  antiview
Project a model onto a unit sphere, the resulting polyhedron may
have nonplanar faces
off_util S rd  antiview
Truncate the number of decimal places for coordinates in the output
off_util d 3 tet
Make a net of a polyhedron (very basic)
off_util u 0,0,z ico  antiview
Deleting Elements
Delete and keep operations work in slightly different ways.
Delete, D
 convert implicit edges to explicit
 find face and edge parts
 delete elements according to the index numbers displayed in antiview
 delete any explicit edges that were originally implicit
Keep, K
 convert implicit edges to explicit
 find face and edge parts
 keep elements according to the index numbers displayed in antiview
 keep all supporting vertices and any decorators (coloured vertices lying
on an edge or coloured vertices and edges lying on a face)
 delete all elements not kept
When elements are deleted, this affects other elements as follows:
 Vertex deleted:
 Removes the vertex (index number) from any faces it is part of,
reducing the number of vertices in these faces and causing deletion
of any face with less than two vertices remaining. Deletes any edges
that the vertex is part of.
 Edge deleted:
 No effect on faces or vertices. May leave free vertices not lying
on any face or edge.
 Face deleted:
 No effect on vertices. May leave free vertices not lying on any face or
edge. No effect on explicit edges. Implicit edges no longer exist, in any sense,
when the last face they lie on is deleted.
 Edge or face part deleted
 An edge or face part is just a set of elements of the corresponding type.
Deleting the part deletes the elements in this set.
Other Notes
Option E is like the join operation in Conway Notation.
The face sorting performed by option M orients faces in
a particular way. Option O will generally reorient some
of the sorted faces, and this will always be true if the input
is a polyhedron.
The coordinates of a file can be tidied up by running off_util d
twice, the first time with a negative number to truncate the coordinate
at a number of decimals, the second time with a positive number to
truncate the trailing zeros. For example, to tidy
pol_recip cubo  off_trans s r
pol_recip cubo  off_trans s r  off_util d 1  off_util d 1
Next:
planar  convert overlapping coplanar polygons to tiles
Up:
Programs and Documentation
